February 11

Published in On this Day listing

  • 1929 The Lateran Treaty, recognising Vatican City as an independent state, was signed by the Holy See and the Italian government under Mussolini.
  • 1990 Nelson Mandela was released after spending 27 years in prison in South Africa.
  • 1922 Four Ulster Special Constables and Commandant Fitzpatrick of the IRA were shot dead when the local IRA attacked the train in which they were travelling at Clones railway station, Co. Monaghan. The episode sparked off a fresh bout of intercommunal violence in Belfast, where the death toll that month was 44. (See pp 38–41.)

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